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Emission path planning based on dynamic abatement cost curve

Publish Date: 2021/05/20 14:56:19    Hits:

Authors:Jian-Xin Guo , Lei Zhu , Ying Fan


Abstract:Global climate change is one of the most serious environmental problems that has attracted an unprecedented global attention. The scientific community has recognized that human activity is mostly responsible for global climate warming. Therefore, states participating in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have initiated a series of negotiations on how to develop their own emission reduction targets. However, the realization of these targets is at the expense of economic development to a great extent. Therefore, an abatement plan is necessary to decide how and when to implement emission reduction targets. A marginal abatement cost curve (MACC), often used as an important quantitative tool to estimate abatement burden or evaluate abatement performance, should be considered carefully. In this paper, we enrich the traditional MACC by introducing the concept of an “immediate unit marginal abatement cost” to describe its intrinsic incremental abatement difficulty. This cost is proved to be agreed with the actual situation in many ways, and is therefore very suitable for practical use. Two-factor learning curve are considered in the model, which can go some way in improving the performance of the revised MACC. Using a parameterization method, the original problem can be converted into a tractable nonlinear programming problem. We use an algorithm to search for the approximate global optimal solution. The effectiveness and the efficiency of the algorithm are discussed respectively. In the results, we find that the abatement path distinguishes largely under different abatement targets. Some plausible reasons and policy advices are given.

Keywords:Strategic planning;Dynamic abatement cost curve;Learning effect;Immediate marginal abatement cost ;R&D investment

About the author:Prof. Dr. Ying Fan is the Dean of the School of Economics and Management at Beihang University, and the Director of the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, a joint research center sponsored by CAS, CNPC and Beihang University. She has received important awards such as Changjiang Scholar, National Science Grant for Distinguished Young Scientists, CAS Hundred Talents Program, and Special Government Allowance sponsored by the State Council. She is currently the Vice President for Academic Affairs of the International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE), Vice President of theChinese Society of Optimization, Overall Planning and Economic Mathematics (OOPEM), and President of the Chinese Society of Low Carbon Development Management.She has long term research experience in the field of energy economics and management, completed valuable works on Energy-Environment-Economy systems modeling and policy analysis.