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IEB Biweekly Forum

Publish Date: 2017/12/06 17:21:25    Hits:

Title:The Mortality Impact of Fine Particulate Matter in China

Presenter:Yazhen GONG


Using a county-level panel data set on mortality, we estimate the causal effect of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution on mortality in China. We focus on

heterogeneous impacts across population groups and different levels of concentration. Studying China provides a unique ability to trace out the dose-response function at higher levels of PM2.5 not present in more developed countries. To identify the causal effect, we leverage variation in PM2.5 induced by demand shocks from the exporting destinations of each county. We find an economically and statistically significant impact of long-term exposure to PM2.5 on cardiovascular and respiratory mortality. Effects are largest among those 65 years and older, and impacts are strong even at a lower concentration.


Associate Prof. Yazhen GONG serves as Executive Deputy Director of Department of Environment and Resource Economics at School of Environment & Natural Resources, Renmin University of China. She graduated from University of British Columbia, with a doctoral degree in natural resource economics. Her research interest focuses on resource economics, with a unique preference on investigating rural natural resource management and rural development issues in China. with empirical micro-econometric methods and field experiment methods. Her work has been published on quite a few reputational journals, includingPNASAnnual Review of Resource EconomicsEcological Economics, Agricultural Economics, Climatic Chang, Journal of Natural Resources.


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